Why should we be concerned that the permafrost in the Arctic is melting?
The conclusion is: “With each assessment report, it is increasingly urgent to reduce carbon emissions in order to avoid the most catastrophic impacts of climate change. “
If all thawing permafrost has access to oxygen, microbes will convert the thawed organic matter into carbon dioxide. Since the process is highly irreversible, according to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, as long as thawing permafrost contains organic matter, carbon dioxide will contribute to global warming.
Since not all thawing permafrost is the same, the greenhouse gases emitted by microbes when consuming organic matter will be carbon dioxide and methane, depending on whether or not they have access to it. ‘oxygen. If the permafrost thaws underwater, the resulting anaerobiotic microbial activity will likely lead to the formation of methane.
Photos of “yedoma permafrost” are available on the Internet. Enter the phrase “yedoma permafrost images” on the Internet. Then simply click on the resulting image. The permafrost of the yedoma is 50 to 90 percent ice. When it thaws (melts), the ground sags. It is a thermokarstic lake if the terrain is flat. On the Internet, enter the expression “thermokarst lake” for the images.
The saying “A picture is worth a thousand words” is very evident in these pictures. Internet access makes the difference.
It’s no wonder people think dams are the problem with the fish in our rivers with such one-sided reporting and with people who think what they read in the newspapers is the real story.
Taking a little time to research all the facts – good and bad – would give these people the whole story.
Our local newspaper is very biased with no real facts to back up its story.
Rivers all over the coast – with and without dams – have the same problems we do.
Common sense shows that the problem is in the ocean.
Removing the dams will only increase the cost of electricity, which will cost billions of dollars.
Take out predators and stop any gillnets that are used by all people on the river. Fish barge. It will be – and it has been proven by numbers – as the common sense way to help the fish in our rivers.
Dennis Fuller of Orofino thinks that turning public schools into “free enterprise” is a good idea.
The Idaho Constitution states, “… it shall be the duty of the Idaho legislature to establish and maintain a general, uniform, and comprehensive system of free public and common schools.” “
Privatization creates schools that are not “public”.
They can deny entry to specific students (such as special education, etc.). This does not lead to meeting the individual needs of students, unless segregating students on the basis of arbitrary criteria is the best way to educate.
Can you imagine the mess of having separate schools for different students?
Privatized schools are not “free” and will charge tuition fees. They will not offer, as Fuller said, “… better opportunities for minorities and the poor, at lower cost for everyone”. Rather the opposite. …
If Fuller thinks the state should be paying corporations not to charge tuition fees, then that is not free enterprise.
Remember, Idaho privatized its correctional facilities. The company billed for staff who were not on duty. They cheated to improve their profit margin. Ultimately, Idaho had to regain control of its system.
Fuller blames the education system for what he sees as its shortcomings. I think our state government deserves most of the blame. He has underfunded public education so much that we are the last in the country in terms of funding. Most districts have to apply levies to stay afloat.
Providing rich educational opportunities for students is becoming more and more difficult. Privatization of education is not the solution.
Marking of military milestones
Eighty years ago our country’s engagement in World War II began. According to the news, the members of the Greatest Generation are passing fast and those of us in the next generation are too.
I often wonder if in a generation, if not sooner, this historic event will even be taught in school, let alone remembered.
On April 30, 1975, Saigon fell and with it the Republic of South Vietnam. Public opinion has indeed been shaped by the daily bad news broadcast by Walter Cronkite and all the rest of the Pulitzer Prize contenders.
This is the situation today. Bad news sells.
Major Mark Woodruff, USMC (retired), is the author of a book entitled “Unheralded Victory: The Defeat of the Viet Cong, 1961-1973”.
This Marine tells the story as it really happened and was not reported by the media as it told the real results of our military efforts and also the barbarism of the Viet Cong.
The truth was not selling then, nor today. But those of us who were there fifty years ago know the truth.
It’s a great book, and it should be a must read in all high school and college history classes.
On August 15, Kabul, Afghanistan fell.